Endometrium is suspectable to severe injury due to recurrent abortion, curettage or intrauterine infection which could lead to pathological conditions and sabotage women’s fertility. Promoting endometrium regeneration is the core of the treatments to uterine related infertility. Patients who received traditional treatments can only expect limited effects, thereby novel therapies are badly in need to promote endometrium regeneration.
Researchers at the Zhejiang University School of Medicine generated a decellularized extracellular matrix (ECM) from porcine dermis, and composited adipose stem cell derived exosomes (ADSC-exos) on it (ECM@ADSC-exos). In vitro experiments proved that ECM@ADSC-exos exhibited good cytocompatibility and could improve cell proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. The researchers also observed that, when implanted in the uterine cavity of a rat model of endometrium injury, ECM@ADSC-exos improved endometrium regeneration, enhanced local angiogenesis, promoted myometrium repair and finally preserved fertility. These results proved that ECM@ADSC-exos could be a novel option for endometrium regeneration.