Cancer-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) have shown great potential in the field of cancer metastasis research. However, inefficient EV biofabrication has become a barrier to large-scale research on cancer-derived EVs. Researchers at Sichuan University have developed a novel method to enhance the biofabrication of cancer-derived EVs via audible acoustic wave (AAW), which yielded mechanical stimuli, including surface acoustic pressure and surface stress. Compared to EV yield in conventional static culture, AAW increased the number of cancer-derived EVs by up to 2.5-folds within 3 days. Furthermore, cancer-derived EVs under AAW stimulation exhibited morphology, size, and zeta potential comparable to EVs generated in conventional static culture, and more importantly, they showed the capability to promote cancer cell migration and invasion under both 2D and 3D culture conditions. Additionally, the elevation in EV biofabrication correlated with the activation of the ESCRT pathway and upregulation of membrane fusion-associated proteins (RAB family, SNARE family, RHO family) in response to AAW stimulation. The researchers believe that AAW represents an attractive approach to achieving high-quantity and high-quality production of EVs and that it has the potential to enhance EV biofabrication from other cell types, thereby facilitating EV-based scientific and translational research.
Audible acoustic wave promotes EV formation and secretion from adherent cancer cells via mechanical stimulation
Lei Z, Jiang H, Liu J, Liu Y, Wu D, Sun C, Du Q, Wang L, Wu G, Wang S, Zhang X. (2023) Audible Acoustic Wave Promotes EV Formation and Secretion from Adherent Cancer Cells via Mechanical Stimulation. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract].