Engineered extracellular vesicle-encapsuled nanoreactors for effective targeting and cascade killing of cancer cells

Nanomaterials have presented great potential for cancer therapy. However, their therapeutic efficacy is not always satisfied because of inefficient biocompatibility and targeting efficacy. Researchers from the East China University of Science and Technology have developed engineered extracellular vesicle (EV)-encapsuled nanoreactors for the targeting and killing of cancer cells. EVs are extracted from engineered cancer cells with surface N-glycans cut and intracellular microRNA-21 (miR-21) silenced to generate cancer-targeting membranes for the following coating of gold-polydopamine (PDA) core-shell nanoparticles. The encapsuled nanoparticles are decorated with doxorubicin (Dox), glucose oxidase (GOx), and miR-21-indicative DNA tags. Once endocytosed, the acidic pH, together with the photothermal effect of the PDA shell, can promote the release of Dox and GOx-catalyzed H2O2 generation/glucose consumption, while the DNA tags allow enhanced fluorescence imaging of miR-21 to indicate the targeting effect. The coadministration of EV-assisted delivery and cascade treatment represents a promising strategy for combination therapy.

Wu MS, Zhou ZR, Wang XY, Lv J, Li DW, Qian RC. (2023) Engineered Extracellular Vesicle-Encapsuled Nanoreactors for Effective Targeting and Cascade Killing of Cancer Cells. ACS Appl Bio Mater [Eub ahead of print]. [abstract]

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