As an important part of the central nervous system (CNS), the optic nerve usually cannot regenerate directly after injury. Therefore, treating the injury and restoring the function of the optic nerve are a historical problem in the medical field. Due to the special anatomical position of the optic nerve, the microenvironment needed for protection and regeneration after injury is lacking. Therefore, preventing the continued loss of neurons, protecting the functional nerves, and promoting the effective protection of nerves are the main ways to solve the problem. Exosomes are nano-sized vesicles with a diameter of 30–150 nm, composed of lipid bilayers, proteins, and genetic material. They have key functions in cell-to-cell communication, immune regulation, inflammation, and regeneration. More and more shreds of evidence show that exosomes not only play an important role in systemic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and brain diseases; they also play a key role in ophthalmological diseases. Researchers from Harbin Medical University discuss the role of exosomes in the protection and regeneration of the optic nerve after optic nerve injury in related experimental studies and clinical treatment methods.
Exosomes – a new way of protecting and regenerating optic nerve after injury
Li H, Su Y, Wang F, Tao F. (2022) Exosomes: a new way of protecting and regenerating optic nerve after injury. Hum Cell Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]