In the past few decades, nanomedicine research has advanced dramatically. In spite of this, traditional nanomedicine faces major obstacles, such as blood–brain barriers, low concentrations at target sites, and rapid removal from the body. Exosomes as natural extracellular vesicles contain special bioactive molecules for cell-to-cell communications and nervous tissue function, which could overcome the challenges of nanoparticles. Most recently, microRNAs, long noncoding RNA, and circulating RNA of exosomes have been appealing because of their critical effect on the molecular pathway of target cells. Researchers from the University of Ferrara discuss the important role of exosomes of noncoding RNAs in the occurrence of brain diseases.
Exosomes as Neurological Nanosized Machines
Pishavar E, Trentini M, Zanotti F, Camponogara F, Tiengo E, Zanolla I, Bonora M, Zavan B. (2022) Exosomes as Neurological Nanosized Machines. ACS Nanosci [Epub ahead of print]. [article]