Exosomes are cell-derived extracellular vesicles of 40-160 nm diameter, which carry numerous biomolecules and transmit information between cells. They are used as functional nanomaterials with great potential in biomedical areas, such as active agents and delivery systems for advanced drug delivery and disease therapy. In recent years, potential applications of exosomes in tissue engineering have attracted significant attention, and some critical progress has been made. Researchers at Sichuan University give a complete picture of exosomes and their applications in the regeneration of various tissues, such as the central nervous systems, kidney, bone, cartilage, heart, and endodontium. Approaches employed for modifying exosomes to equip them with excellent targeting capacity are summarized. Furthermore, current concerns and future outlook of exosomes in tissue engineering are discussed.
Exosomes as potential functional nanomaterials for tissue engineering
Yao Y, Jiang Y, Song J, Wang R, Li Z, Yang L, Wu W, Zhang L, Peng Q. (2022) Exosomes as Potential Functional Nanomaterials for Tissue Engineering. Adv Healthc Mater [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]