Extracellular vesicles in hematological disorders

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), comprised of exosomes, microparticles, apoptotic bodies, and other microvesicles, are shed from a variety of cells upon cell activation or apoptosis. EVs promote clot formation, mediate pro-inflammatory processes, transfer proteins and miRNA to cells, and induce cell signaling that regulates cell differentiation, proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis.

This review focuses on the contribution of EVs in hematological disorders, including hemoglobinopathies (sickle cell disease, thalassemia), paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, and hematological malignancies (lymphomas, myelomas, and acute and chronic leukemias).

exosome rna

Aharon A, Rebibo-Sabbah A, Tzoran I, Levin C. (2014) Extracellular vesicles in hematological disorders. Rambam Maimonides Med J 5(4):e0032. [article]

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