Tumor-derived extracellular vesicles (T-EVs) represent valuable markers for tumor diagnosis and treatment guidance. However, nanoscale sizes and the low abundance of marker proteins of T-EVs restrict interfacial affinity reaction, leading to low isolation efficiency and detection sensitivity. Researchers from the Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine have engineered a fluid nanoporous microinterface (FluidporeFace) in a microfluidic chip by decorating supported lipid bilayers (SLBs) on nanoporous herringbone microstructures with a multiscale-enhanced affinity reaction for efficient isolation of T-EVs. At the microscale level, the herringbone micropattern promotes the mass transfer of T-EVs to the surface. At the nanoscale level, nanoporousity can overcome boundary effects for close contact between T-EVs and the interface. At the molecular level, fluid SLBs afford clustering of recognition molecules at the binding site, enabling multivalent binding with an ∼83-fold increase of affinity compared with the nonfluid interface. With the synergetic enhanced mass transfer, interface contact, and binding affinity, FluidporeFace affords ultrasensitive detection of T-EVs with a limit of detection of 10 T-EVs μL-1, whose PD-L1 expression levels successfully distinguish cancer patients from healthy donors. The researchers expect this multiscale enhanced interfacial reaction strategy will inspire the biosensor design and expand liquid biopsy applications, especially for low-abundant targets in clinical samples.
Fluid nanoporous microinterface enables multiscale-enhanced affinity interaction for tumor-derived extracellular vesicle detection
Niu Q, Gao J, Zhao K, Chen X, Lin X, Huang C, An Y, Xiao X, Wu Q, Cui L, Zhang P, Wu L, Yang C. (2022) Fluid nanoporous microinterface enables multiscale-enhanced affinity interaction for tumor-derived extracellular vesicle detection. PNAS 119(44):e2213236119. [abstract]