Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes: Characteristics and applications in disease pathology and management

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess a role in tissue regeneration and homeostasis because of inherent immunomodulatory capacity and the production of factors that encourage healing. There is substantial evidence that MSCs’ therapeutic efficacy is primarily determined by their paracrine function including in cancers. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are basic paracrine effectors of MSCs that reside in numerous bodily fluids and cell homogenates and play an important role in bidirectional communication. MSC-derived EVs (MSC-EVs) offer a wide range of potential therapeutic uses that exceed cell treatment, while maintaining protocell function and having less immunogenicity. Researchers at the Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute describe characteristics and isolation methods of MSC-EVs, and focus on their therapeutic potential describing its roles in tissue repair, anti-fibrosis, and cancer with an emphasis on the molecular mechanism and immune modulation and clinical trials. The researchers also explain current understanding and challenges in the clinical applications of MSC-EVs as a cell free therapy.

Padinharayil H, Varghese J, Wilson C, George A. (2024) Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes: Characteristics and applications in disease pathology and management. Life Sci 342:122542. [abstract]

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*