Tumor-derived exosomes, which contain RNA, DNA, and proteins, are a potentially rich non-invasive source of biomarkers. However, no efficient isolation or detection methods are yet available. Fudan University researchers have developed a microfluidic Raman biochip designed to isolate and analyze exosomes in situ. Anti-CD63 magnetic nanoparticles were used to enrich exosomes through mixing channels of a staggered triangular pillar array. EpCAM-functionalized Raman-active polymeric nanomaterials (Raman beads) allow rapid analysis of exosome samples within 1 h, with a quantitative signal at 2230 cm-1. The limit of detection of this biochip approaches 1.6 × 102 particles per mL with 20 μL samples. The newly developed biochip assay was successfully applied in the determination of exosomes from clinical serum samples.