The progression to a castration-resistant prostate cancer can occur after treatment with androgen deprivation therapy, resulting in poor prognosis and ineffective therapy response. Hormone dependence transition has been associated with increased tumor vascularization. Considering that exosomes are important components in communication between tumor cells and the microenvironment, researchers from the Federal University of Santa Catarina examined the angiogenic potential of exosomes released from Pca cell lines with distinctive profiles of androgen response through exosomes isolation, microscopy and uptake, functional assays follow up by microarray, RT-qPCR and bioinformatics analysis. HUVEC cells treated with PC-3 exosomes (androgen independent) showed increased invasion and tube formation ability. In order to identify microRNAs (miRNAs) related to the angiogenic response, the characterization of exosomal miRNA profile was performed. As result the researchers suggest that the miR-27a-3p could be involved in the pro-angiogenic effect of PC-3 exosomes.
Pro-angiogenic effect of PC-3 exosomes in endothelial cells
Prigol AN, Rode MP, Silva AH, Cisilotto J, Creczynski-Pasa TB. (2021) Pro-angiogenic effect of PC-3 exosomes in endothelial cells in vitro. Cellular Signalling [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]