Exosomes are nanoscale, membrane-enclosed vesicles with contents similar to their parent cells, which are rich in potential biomarkers. Urine, as a noninvasive sampling body fluid, has the advantages of being simple to collect, stable in protein, diverse and not regulated by homeostatic mechanisms of the body, making it a favorable target for studying tumor biomarkers. In this report, the urinary exosomal proteome was analyzed and high-throughput downstream validation was performed using a supramolecular probe-based capture and in situ detection. The technology demonstrated the efficient enrichment of exosomes with a high concentration (5.5 × 1010 particles/mL) and a high purity (2.607 × 1010 particles/mg) of exosomes from urine samples. Proteomic analysis of urine samples from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma and healthy individuals combined with proteomic screening techniques revealed that 68 proteins were up-regulated in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. As a proof-of-principle study, three of these differentially expressed proteins, including OLFM4, HDGF and GDF15, were validated using the supramolecular probe-based array (48 samples per batch). These findings demonstrate the great potential of this approach toward a liquid biopsy for the discovery and validation of biomarkers from urinary exosomes, and it can be extended to various biological samples with lower content of exosomes.
Proteomic discovery and array-based validation of biomarkers from urinary exosome by supramolecular probe
Feng X, Jia S, Ali MM, Zhang G, Li D, Tao WA, Hu L. (2023) Proteomic Discovery and Array-Based Validation of Biomarkers from Urinary Exosome by Supramolecular Probe. J Proteome Res [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]