Simultaneous detection of exosomal membrane protein and RNA by highly sensitive aptamer assisted multiplex–PCR

exosomes

Exosomes, which are 30–150 nm extracellular vesicles containing a variety of biomolecules (i.e., proteins, RNA, DNA, and lipids), have emerged as important analytes in liquid biopsy. Although exosome detection offers a valuable chance to understand disease status in a multidimensional manner, comprehensive analysis of different exosomal biomolecules with limited specimens remains a challenge.

Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences introduced an aptamer-based PCR (polymerase chain reaction) platform and realized highly sensitive detection of CD63 protein positive exosomes as low as 50 particles/μL. More importantly, simultaneous analysis of exosomal RNA and surface protein is available using this method. In a proof of concept experiment, simultaneous detection of two immunotherapy-related biomarkers, programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) protein and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) mRNA, was demonstrated with clinical samples. This method provides a strategy for the comprehensive analysis of exosomes, with the advantages of high sensitivity and practicability.

Dong Z et al. (2020) Simultaneous Detection of Exosomal Membrane Protein and RNA by Highly Sensitive Aptamer Assisted Multiplex–PCR. ACS Appl Bio Mater [Epub ahead of print]. [abstract]

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