Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small, membrane-enclosed vesicles released by cells into the extracellular milieu. They are found in all body fluids and contain a variety of functional cargo including DNA, RNA, proteins, glycoproteins and lipids, able to provoke phenotypic responses in cells, both locally and at distant sites. They are implicated in a wide array of physiological and pathological processes and hence have attracted considerable attention in recent years as potential therapeutic targets, drug delivery vehicles and biomarkers of disease. University of Sheffield researchers discuss the major functions of EVs in health and disease and discuss their translational potential, highlighting opportunities of – and challenges to – capitalising on our rapidly increasing understanding of EV biology for patient benefit.
The translational potential of extracellular vesicles
Alqurashi H, Alsharief M, Perciato ML, Raven B, Ren K, Lambert DW. (2023) Message in a bubble: the translational potential of extracellular vesicles. J Physiol [Epub ahead of print]. [article]