Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are 50–300 nm vesicles secreted by eukaryotic cells. They can carry cargo (including miRNA) from the donor cell to the recipient cell. miRNAs in EVs can change the translational profile of the recipient cell and modulate cellular morphology. This endogenous mechanism has attracted the attention of the drug-delivery community in the last few years. EVs can be enriched with exogenous therapeutic miRNAs and used for treatment of diseases by targeting pathological recipient cells. However, there are some obstacles that need to be addressed before introducing therapeutic miRNA-enriched EVs in clinics. Researchers from Soonchunhyang University, Korea discuss the progress in the field of therapeutic miRNA enriched EVs and the potential to use them as therapeutic miRNA carriers in the future.
Scheme to develop and engineer therapeutic-miRNA EV based therapies