Ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of tumor exosomes

Highly sensitive determination of tumor exosomes is significant for early diagnosis of cancers and precision therapy. Herein, a sandwich peptide-based electrochemiluminescence (ECL) biosensor was developed for determination of phosphatidylserine (PS)-positive exosomes, a promising biomarker for early diagnosis of ovarian malignancy. A PS-specific binding peptide with high affinity was immobilized on Au nanoflowers (AuNFs) modified biosensing interface for recognition and capture of exosomes. Meanwhile, g-C3N4 nanosheet loaded with luminol capped AuNPs (Lum-AuNPs@g-C3N4) nanocomposite was used as the ECL signal nanoprobe. The g-C3N4 nanosheets with large surface area were not only utilized as the carrier to immobilize more peptides for recognition of exosomes but also used to catalyze co-reactant H2O2 decomposition to achieve the ECL signal amplification of luminol-H2O2 system. Under optimal conditions, the biosensor showed superior performances compared with most currently available methods, including wider linear range across 5 orders of magnitude and a lower detection limit (LOD) down to 39 particles μL−1. Moreover, the biosensor could be applicable for determination of exosomes in complex biological samples. This study indicates the combination of peptide recognition with nanoprobe as a label for signal amplification in sandwich ECL biosensing is a great promising strategy for sensitive and cost-effective determination of exosomes.

Liu X, Wang Q, Chen J, Chen X, Yang W. (2020) Ultrasensitive electrochemiluminescence biosensor for the detection of tumor exosomes based on peptide recognition and luminol-AuNPs@g-C3N4 nanoprobe signal amplification. Talanta [online ahead of print]. [abstract]

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